Carsten Burkhardt's Web Project Paeonia - The Peony Library

ano_finnland7 index 0602 boreas2

Paeonia-Literatur F


Falk,1785-86, Beitr. Paeonia 2, 198


FangWP ,1958, Notes on Chinese Peonies ,Acta Phytotax Sinica 7:4: 299, 313-323 + plates 61 –63 (En.)


Farr B. H. 1916 catalogue "Farr's Book of Hardy Plant Specialties"


Farrer—John Reginald Farrer, 1880-1930, Great Britain. Explored China and Tibet

FarrerRJ, 1909, P.obovata,Gard. Chron. 46:315

FarrerRJ, 1914, Explorations in China, 2. In Kansu.",Gard. Chron. Ser. 3 (56) 213.

FarrerRJ, 1916, Paeonia Moutan. Report of the work in 1914 in Kansu and Tibet, Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society vol.42, 88.

FarrerRJ, 1917, On the Eaves of the World 1, pp109-113, Arnold (deutsche Fassung zit. nach Rivière)

FarrerRJ, 1919, Report on the year’s work (1914) in Kansu and Tibet,English Rock Garden, vol2:487-524 London: Nelson

FarrerRJ, 1919, The English rockgarden, vol. 2 : 31-35 et 509, Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd, Londres, Edinbourg...


Fearnley- Whittingstall, Jane, 1999 Peonies. Weidenfeld & Nicholson, London, ISBN 0-297-82424-4. about 300 pages 23x16 description of about 1300 cultivars (En)


Fedorov A., 1969 – Chromosome numbers of flowering plants. Reprint by Koeltz. Sci. Publ. Koenigstein 479-480


Fedtschenko—Boris Aleskyvitch Fedtschenko (or Fedchenko), 1873 - ...

Fedtschenko, Olga & Fedtschenko, Boris (1899) Ranunculaceen des Russischen Turkestan, Botanische Jahrbücher Für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie, 27 (3): 431

FedtschenkoBA,1904,Flora zapadnago Tjan-Shanja, 1, 103-105,reimpress.ex, Acta Horti Petrop 23, ii, 351-353.

Fedtschenko, Olga & Fedtschenko, Boris (1905) Conspectus Florae Turkestanicae. Beihefte zum Botanischen Zentralblatt Band XVIII, Abt. II, Heft 2, pp.199-221 (De.) (Paeonia p.216)

FedtschenkoO&BA,1906,Isyyestiya Turkest. Otdyela Russ. Geogr. Obshch. 5, i, 23

Fedtschenko & Fleroff,1910,Flora Eur. Russ. 413, fig. 303 ;

FedtschenkoBA,1915,Rastitel 'nost Turkestana, 406

Fedtschenko & Fleroff,1918,Bull Missouri Bot. Gard. 6, t. 3 ;

FedtschenkoBA,1930,Fl. Ross. Austro-Orient, fasc. 4,Acta Horti Petrop 43, fasc. i) 322, fig. 330


Feldweber,1997,Hauptkatalog,A-4974 Ort am Innkreis, Oberösterreich


Fellman,1864-69, Pl.Vase. Lapp. Or. (in Not. Svensk. Fauna and Flora Femiica FSrh. 8), 5


Feng KM,1992,P. delavayi Franch var lutea (Delav.ex Franch) Finet & Gagnep Pp 530--531 in L-K Fu & J M Jin (editors), ,China Plant Red Data Book, Vol 1Science Press, Beijing


Feodorov, A.A. et al. (1974 -) Flora evropejskoj tchasti SSSR (Flora partis europaeae URSS) Leningrad, Nauka.


Ferguson, Diane M & Tao Sang. Testing hypotheses of hybrid speciation in peonies (Paeonia; Paeoniaceae) using the low-copy nuclear gene alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh). - [Summary: DNA sequence data from the low-copy nuclear gene alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh) were used to test the putative hybrid origin of several diploid and tetraploid species of peonies belonging to Paeonia section Paeonia (Paeoniaceae). Two paralogous loci (Adh1 and Adh2), duplicated prior to the diversification of Paeonia species, were amplified with locus-specific primers and cloned for one or more accessions from each species. All distinct clone copies were included in a single simultaneous parsimony search for each locus. Adh1 and Adh2 support that several tetraploid species, including the "arietina" species group (P. arietina, P. humilis, P. officinalis, P. parnassica), P. peregrina, and P. banatica, are of allopolyploid origin. After the initial hybridization event, tetraploid peonies may have gone on to speciate and further hybridize, creating new species such as P. officinalis. For putative hybrid diploids, distinct sequences were found at the Adh2 locus for P. emodii, and Adh1 sequence polymorphism was detected for P. japonica and P. obovata. This may imply that heterozygosity resulting from hybridization can be maintained at a nuclear locus but homogenized at the other following genome rearrangement in a diploid hybrid. Overall, Adh2 corroborates many of the findings based on Adh1; however, the tempo of gene duplication and deletion at that locus is much more dynamic than Adh1, with many pseudogenes found in several species.]

Ferguson, Diane, Sang, Tao: BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES - EVOLUTION - Speciation through homoploid hybridization between allotetraploids in peonies (Paeonia) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 March 27; 98(7): 3915–3919. doi: 10.1073/pnas.061288698. Published online 2001 March 20.[Phylogenies of Adh1 and Adh2 genes suggest that a widespread Mediterranean peony, Paeonia officinalis, is a homoploid hybrid species between two allotetraploid species, Paeonia peregrina and a member of the Paeonia arietina species group. Three phylogenetically distinct types of Adh sequences have been identified from both accessions of P. officinalis, of which two types are most closely related to the two homoeologous Adh loci of the P. arietina group and the remaining type came from one of the two Adh homoeologs of P. peregrina. The other Adh homoeolog of P. peregrina was apparently lost from the hybrid genome, possibly through backcrossing with the P. arietina group. This is a documentation of homoploid hybrid speciation between allotetraploid species in nature. This study suggests that hybrid speciation between allotetraploids can occur without an intermediate stage of genome diploidization or a further doubling of genome size. ] | Full Text | PDF |


Fernandes, A., & Barros Neves, J. (Ed.) (1974& 1975) Floristic Reports. VII Simpos. Fl. Eur. Coimbra 22-31. 05.1972. Mem. Soc. Brot. 24 (1) : 1 - 394 (1974) & 24 (2) : 395- 835 (1975)


Fernandes, A. & Queiros, M. (1970/71) Sur la caryologie de quelques plantes récoltées pendant la 3*™ réunion de botanique péninsulaire, Memorias da Sociedade Broteriana,2l : 159-160 et 347

Fernandez Casas, J. & Ruiz Rejon, M. (1974) Estudio cariologicos sobre la flora espanola, Boletim da Sociedade Broteriana, 2eme série, 48 : 100-101


Fearnley- Whitt - Peonies - 1999 · about 300 pages 23x16 description of about 1300 cultivars (En)


Fernig, Leo (1998) The Riviere Re-visited. American Peony Society Bulletin 305, March 1998 pp. 32-34


FewkesAH,1930,P.smouthi,Gard. Chron. 87, p425


FialaJL,1968,Chromosome Abnormalities in Paeonia Lutea Hybrid ‘Alice Harding’ and others,American Peony Society 75 Years pp149-151

FialaJL,1970,The “Inner Glow Hybrids” and the Peony Work of L.W.Cousins of London, Ont.,American Peony Society 75 Years pp126-128


Filipescu, G. (1972) Cercetari anatomice comparative la specile Paeonia peregrina Mill. var. romanica (Brandza) A. Nyár., P. tenuifolia L. si P. P. triternata Pall. . [Comparative anatomic studies of three peony species, Paeonia peregrina Mill. var. romanica (Brandza) A. Nyár., P. tenuifolia L. si P. P. triternata Pall. ]An. Sti. Univ. 'Al. I. Cuza' Iasi, Biol. 18 (2) : 431-440


Fine, J.M. & Barton, L.V. (1958) Biochemical studies of dormancy and after-ripening in seeds I. Changes in free amino acid content. Contributions Boyce Thompson Institute 19: 483-500


Finet—Achille Eugene Finet, 1863-1913, Paris

Finet MM , GagnepainF ; 1904 ;Paeonia L, in: Contributions à la flore de l'Asie orientale d'après l'Herbier du Muséum de Paris, Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France, 51 : 523-527

Finet MM , GagnepainF;1905;Contributions a la Flore de l'Asie orientale, 1, 220-224, reimpress. ex ;? Bull Soc Bot France, 51, 523-527.;ptax

Finet MM , GagnepainF;1913;Gard. Chron. 53, 405, fig. 169


Fiori—Adriano Fiori, 1865-1949, Italy

Fiori A,1923, Nuova Flora Analitica d’Italia, 1 (3) Firenze

Fiori A , 1924 Nuovo Flora Analitica d.I talia vol.1, 689-690, Edagricola, Bologna

Fiori A , Paoletti, G 1898, Paeonia in: Flora Analitica d'Italia 1, 526-527 . Padova


Fischer,1842, Hook. Lond. Journ. Bot. 1, 207 .


Fischer-Benzon, R. von: Altdeutsche Gartenflora. Lipsius &. Tischler, Kiel 1894.


Fletcher ,1959, A new species of paeony: P.sterniana,Journ Royal Horticultural Society vol.84,p.326-328


Foerster, Karl, 1922, Vom Blütengarten der Zukunft. Gartenschönheit, Berlin-Westend 1922.

Foerster, Karl, 1940, Lebende Gartentabellen Verlag der Gartenschönheit Karl Specht Berlin, 2. Auflage Neumann Verlag Radebeul 1994 ISBN 3-7402-0140-1 Paeonia pp. 118-119

Foerster, Karl, 1966 Neuer Glanz des Gartenjahres, Bilder, Berichte und Erfahrungstabellen aus dem Leben der winterhart ausdauernden Gewächse des Gartens Neumann Verlag Radebeul und Berlin 202S. 7. Auflage. 1966 Paeonia pp. 58-59


Folch i Guillèn, R. 1981. La vegetació dels paisos Catalans, Barcelona,


FomitchevaVF, 1969, Pion drevovidnyj v botanitcheskom sadu Moskovskogo Universiteta,Bjul GBS AN SSSR 69:102-104 deutsch: [Paeonia suffruticosa im BG der Moskauer Universität. Bulletin des Zentr. BG der Akademie der Wissenschafien der UdSSR].


Font-Quer—Pius Font i Quer, 1888 - ...

Font i Quer, P. 1927. La flora de las Pitiusas y sus afinidades con la de la península iberica, Barcelona, (in "Memorias de la Real Academia de Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona", Tercera Epoca, vol. XX, Num. 4).


Forbes, F.B. & Hernsley, W.B. (1886) Enumeration of all the plants known from China proper, Formosa, Hainan, the Corea, the Luchu Archipelago, and the Islands of Hong Kong, together with their distribution and synonymy. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, serie Botany, 23 : 21-22


ForrestG, 1920, Paeonia Delavayi.,Gard. Chron. 68 (3) 97-98.


Foucaud—Julian Foucaud, 1847-1904, France

Foucaud J, see: Rouy, G., & Foucaud, J.,


Fournier, P. (1948): Le Livre des Plantes medicinales et veneneuses de France 3:237-239. Paris.

Fournier, P. 1961. Les quatre flores de la France, Paris


Fox, R. T. V. Fungal foes in your garden: 49. Peony blight ...MYCOLOGIST Vol.15 Iss.2 P.88-89 (2001) (direct link to „Infotrieve“)

A. Franchet. Botanist, Jardin des Plantes, Paris, 1834-1900. Franchet

FranchetA ,1884, Flora David, 23: oder: Pl.David, 23 ;

FranchetA, 1886, Plantae Yunnanenses xxx Paeonia,Bull Soc Bot France, 33, 382-383. oder: FranchetA, 1886, Plantas yunnanensis :(P.delavayi),Bull Soc Bot France, 33: 358-467

FranchetA, 1889, 'Plantae delavayanae plantes de Chine recueillis au Yun-nan par l'Abbé Delavay et décrits par A. Franchet. Paris, Klincksieck, 1889 (-1890). 8vo. pp. 120, Paeonia lutea p.31-32

FranchetA , & Savatier,1874, Enum Pl Jap I 14


Franco, J. do A. (1971 - ) Nova Flora de Portugal . ? vols. completed. Lissabon, Sociedada Astoria


Frank, Reinhilde 1989,Päonien,Pfingstrosen,Eugen Ulmer Stuttgart. 152p

Frank, Reinhilde 1993,Bauernpfingstrosen,Gartenpraxis 7:15-

Frank, Reinhilde 1999 Päonien : Pfingstrosen 2. Aufl. Stuttgart (Hohenheim) : E. Ulmer,. 152 p. : col. ill. ; 21 cm.

Freyn,1901, Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr., p. 382 ;


Friebe B ,1976, Spezifische Giemsa-Färbung von heterochromatischen Chromosomenfragmenten bei Vicia faba, Allium cepa und Paeonia tenuifolia,Theoret appl. Genet vol 47 No6 p275-283


Fritsch,1894,Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, 44, 136 ,

Fritsch,1897,Excursionsfl. Oesterr. 212 ;

Fritsch, C. (1899) Beiträge zur Flora der Balkanhalbinsel, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung von Serbien, N°. 84-85., 4. Teil, Verhandilngen der kaiserlich-königlichen Zoologisch- botanischen Geselilchaft in Wien, 49 : 240-242


Fu, L. K. (ed.) China plant red data book, 1. Beijing (Paeonia by Hong, D.-Y. pp.536-537) : (cit. n. Hong D.-Y. 1996, taxon)


Fuchs H, 1988, Wildpfingstrosen im Garten, Gartenpraxis 11:32-


Leonhard Fuchs (1501-1566)

Fuchs, Leonhart 1542 De Historiam stirpium Commentarii Insignes. Adiectis earundem viuis, & ad naturae imitatione artificose expressis imaginibus ... Lugduni, B. Arnollet, 1549. 8vo.

Fuchs, Leonhart 1543: New Kreuterbuch, Basel. Faksimile Ausgabe, Battenberg, München 1964.

Fuchs Leonhard (1542-1545) Botanical -Primi de stirpivm historia commentariorvm tomi uiuæ imagines, in exiguam angustioremq[ue] forman contractæ, ac quam fieri potest artificiosissime expressæ...Basileæ, 1545 7 p. l., 516 p. of plates (part col.) 17 ½ cm.

online completely : http://www.ubka.uni-karlsruhe.de/pflanzen/index.html

http://www.goldcanyon.com/Patten/html/43.html

 


 


 

Fulton, T A: Chilling requirements of Paeonia cultivars. Sci hortic Vol.89 Iss.3 P.237 (2001) [Summary: Dormant second year potted plants of Paeonia 'Coral Sunset', 'Monsieur Jules Elie', and 'Sarah Bernhardt' were placed into three chilling regimes (constant 1, 4, or 7degreeC) for different durations (3, 6, 9, or 12 weeks) to ascertain their chilling requirements for shoot and flower production. Chilling was followed by forcing for up to 5 weeks at 18degreeC, then plants were maintained in a controlled greenhouse until flowering had finished. Mean number of shoots and flowers per plant were recorded and the time taken for shoots to sprout was calculated. Control plants (forced immediately without chilling) produced no shoots or flowers. For all cultivars, the proportion of plants that sprouted, and the mean number of shoots and flowers increased as plants were subjected to colder chilling temperatures, or longer chilling durations. However, there were no significant within-cultivar differences between different treatments of 9 weeks or more. The time taken for sprouting to occur after the completion of each chilling treatment consistently decreased as the duration of the chilling treatment increased. In most cases, lower chilling temperatures lead to more rapid sprouting once plants were placed in the 18degreeC forcing conditions. When a simple model was fitted where the chilling temperature and duration of each treatment was described by a cumulative normal curve rising from zero to some maximum value (or potential) once adequate chilling had been received, we found that temperatures of 4 and 7degreeC provided only 83 and 59%, respectively, of the chilling accumulated per unit time at 1degreeC. 'Coral Sunset', an interspecific hybrid early flowering type, required the greatest amount of chilling to sprout consistently, while 'Sarah Bernhardt', a very late flowering type, required the least. Of the three cultivars, 'Sarah Bernhardt' also required the least amount of chilling to achieve its potential shoot and flower numbers, while 'Monsieur Jules Elie', a mid-season flowering type, required the most chilling to achieve the same end for these two variables. This suggests that the response to spring temperatures as well as chilling influences the time of flowering.]

FurmanDM,1997,The chinese Tree Peony - A Feast for the Eye and Soul Cricket Hill Garden,,Peony Heaven, 670 Walnut Hill RdThomaston, CT 06787



Carsten Burkhardt's Web Project Paeonia - The Peony Library

ano_finnland7 index 0602 boreas2

Paeonia-Literatur F