Rochel, Pl.Banat.Rar. 48, t.n(1828) ; Reichenbach,
Ic.Fl.Germ. 4,26,t. 125 (1840) ? ; F.C.Stern in
Jorn.Roy.Hort.Soc. 68,127 (1943).
P.feminea (L.) Mill. var. banatica (Rochel) Gürke
in Richter, PI. EuroP.2, 403 (1903) ; Javorka, Magyar
Fl. 350 (1924).
banatica differs both in its habit and the partition of
its leaves from the typical P.
officinalis, whose lateral leaves, too, are generally
divided into 24 segments, on the specimens from South-Tyrol
examined by myself (cf. Herb. Norm. 3501, FEAH. 90, from the
collections of Andreanszky, Behrendsen, Foletto, Porta, Rigo,
chiefly from Monte Baldo and Val di Ledro), leaves 2,0, 2,5, 3 cm
wide and 611 cm long. It differs likewise from P.
officinalis ssp. peregrina, with the
specimens of which originating from Spain I compared it (cf.
Herb. Norm. 3005, Baenitz PI. Eur. 5903, from the collections of
Reverchon, Derben, Pons), their leaves are divided to a larger
extent with narrow leaflets. It can be still less identified with
P. mascula (P. corallina) whose leaflets are wide,
elliptic, ovate or orbicular and all entire.
we cannot share in Nyárády's opinion who takes the
plant of Bazias partly to P. corallina
Retz (P. mascula Mill.) and describes a form of it
with broad ovate or nearly roundish leaves by the name
var. triternatiformis (which as an extreme
variety may remain in the Formenkreis of P. banatica)
p. 403 , partly to P. officinalis
p. 407 . He mentions here as new
habitats Lugos, Bazias (surely instead of Bazias) and Dumbravita
(Kisdombró) from the district of Belényes; these
habitats are even in his own opinion dubious. According to
Nyárády the leaves of the plant from Deliblat are
34 times, while those from Bazias 1,42(3) times as
long as wide. The great number of the data quoted above shows
that this ratio is varying in both habitats.
in the manuscript elaboration of the Flora Europaea the plant of
Bazias (though this is no locus classicus!) approaches partly to
the P. officinalis, partly to
the P. mascula, not excluding
the possibility that at Bazias hybridization has taken place
between the spontaneous and some introduced species, cultivated
in the Monastery Garden. On the other hand, in my unchanged
opinion, P. banatica is
varying but remains within the above indicated limits of
variation a uniform population which, although it is partly
suggestive with its entire and broader leaves to a certain extent
of P. mascula, it belongs,
however, to the Formenkreis of P.
officinalis with the nearly always divided leaflets of
the upper leaves and its whole build, and constitutes the
endemic, vicariant subspecies of that species in the Bánság
district, in the Mecsek and Fruska-Gora Mountains; thus its
correct name is:
officinalis L. (s. 1.) ssp. banatica Soó
Növényföldrajz 1945 p. 146. (P.
peregrina var. ban. Kittel
1844, P.feminea var. ban. Gürke 1903, P.
off. var. ban. Graebn. 1923, Hayek 1924). The
data from Macedonia and the Lesbos island are undoubtedly
concerning another plant.